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Term Description
Brazing The joining of ends of two wires, rods or groups of wires with a non-ferrous filler metal at temperatures above 800F (427C).
Breakdown (Puncture) A disruptive discharge through insulation
Breakdown of Insulation Failure of an insulation resulting in a flow of current through the insulation. It may be caused by high voltage, defects or decay.
Breakdown Voltage The voltage at which the insulation between two conductors breaks down
Breakout The point at which a conductor or group of conductors breaks out from a multi-conductor cable to complete circuits at various points along the main cable
Building Wire Wire used for light and power (600 volts or less) usually not exposed to outdoor environments
Bunch Stranding A group of wires of the same diameter twisted together without a predetermined pattern
Buried Cable A cable installed directly in the Earth without use of underground conduit; also called "direct burial cable."
C.S.A. Abbreviation for Canadian Standards Association
Cable A group of individually insulated conductors in twisted or parallel configuration, with or without an overall covering
Cable Assembly A completed cable and its associated hardware ready to install
Cable Filler The material used in multiple conductor cables to occupy the spaces formed by the assembly or components, thus forming a core of the desired shape (normally cylindrical).
Cabling The twisting together of two or more insulated conductors to form a cable
Cabling Factor Used in the formula for calculating the diameter of an unshielded, unjacketed cable (D=Kd, where the cable diameter, K is the factor and d is the diameter of the insulated conductor)
Caged Armor A construction using wires within a jacket to increase mechanical protection and tensile strength. This construction is sometimes used in submarine cables.
Canadian Standards Association International (CSA) Test products for compliance to national and international standards, and issue certification marks for qualified products. Certification marks tell potential customers and users that a product has been evaluated by a formal process-involving examination, testing and follow-up inspection-and that it complies with applicable standards for safety and performance.
Capacitance Storage of electrically separated charges between two plates having different potentials. The value depends largely on the surface area of the plates and the distance between them.
Capacitance Coupling Electrical interaction between two conductors caused by the capacitance between them
Capacitance, Direct The capacitance measured directly from conductor to conductor through a single insulating layer
Capacitance, Mutual The capacitance between two conductors and all other conductors, including shield, short-circuited to ground
Capacitance, Unbalance An inequality of capacitance between the wires of two or more pairs which results in a transfer of unwanted signals from one pair to others
Capacitance, Unbalance To Ground An inequality of capacitance between the ground capacitance of the conductors of a pair which results in a pickup of external source energy, usually from power transmission lines
Carrier The basic woven grouping of a braided shield, consisting of one or several parallel ends
Cathode Negative pole of an electric source
Cathode Protection The control of the electrolytic corrosion of an underground or underwater metallic structure by the application of an electric current through a sacrificial anode in such a way that the structure is made to act as a cathode of an electrolytic cell
CATV An acronym for Community Antenna Television
CCTV Closed Circuit Television
Cellular Polyethylene Expanded or "foam" polyethylene consisting of individually closed cells suspended in a polyethylene medium
CENELEC CENELEC, the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization, was created in 1973 as a result of the merger of two previous European organizations: CENELCOM and CENEL. Today, CENELEC is a non-profit technical organization set up under Belgian law and composed of the National Electrotechnical Committees of 23 European countries. In addition, 12 National Committees from Central and Eastern Europe are participating in CENELEC work with an Affiliate status. Their ultimate goal as affiliates is gaining full membership to CENELEC Standardization activities.
Center-to-Center Distance See definition for "Pitch"

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