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Term Description
B. & S. Abbreviation for "Brown & Sharpe Wire Gauge" - same as American Wire Gauge
Balanced Circuit A circuit so arranged that the impressed voltages on each conductor of the pair are equal in magnitude but opposite in polarity with respect to ground
Band Marking A continuous circumferential band supplied to a conductor at regular intervals for identification
Band Width The frequency range of transmitted electrical signals (expressed in Hertz)
Bare Conductor A conductor having no covering, coating or cladding
Bare Copper (BC) A highly conductive, abundant and easily shaped or formed conductor material; usually used in the Building Wire, Industrial and Sound & Security industries
BCF Abbreviation for Billion Conductor Feet; a quantity derived by multiplying the number of conductors in a cable by the amount of cable (usually used to indicate plant capacity or an annual requirement)
Binder A spirally served tape or thread used for holding assembled cable components in place awaiting subsequent manufacturing operations.
Bond The attachment at an interface between an adhesive and an adherent, or between materials attached together by adhesive
Bond Strength Amount of adhesion between surfaces, e.g., in bonded ribbon cable
Boot A protective covering over any portion of a cable or conductor in addition to its jacket or insulation
Braid A fibrous or metallic group of filaments interwoven in cylindrical form to create a covering over one or more wires
Braid Angle The smaller of the two angles formed by the shielding strand and the axis of the cable being shielded
Braid Carrier A spool or bobbin on a braider which holds one group of strands or filaments consisting of a specific number of ends. The carrier revolves during braiding operations.
Braid Ends The number of strands used to make up one carrier. The strands are wound side by side on the carrier bobbin and lie parallel in the finished braid.
Braid Shields A woven pattern made up of small braid gauges, mostly bare copper, tinned copper, silver-plated copper, aluminum or steel. Typically have a nominal coverage of 55% to 95%.
Brazing The joining of ends of two wires, rods or groups of wires with a non-ferrous filler metal at temperatures above 800F (427C).
Breakdown (Puncture) A disruptive discharge through insulation
Breakdown of Insulation Failure of an insulation resulting in a flow of current through the insulation. It may be caused by high voltage, defects or decay.
Breakdown Voltage The voltage at which the insulation between two conductors breaks down
Breakout The point at which a conductor or group of conductors breaks out from a multi-conductor cable to complete circuits at various points along the main cable
Building Wire Wire used for light and power (600 volts or less) usually not exposed to outdoor environments
Bunch Stranding A group of wires of the same diameter twisted together without a predetermined pattern
Buried Cable A cable installed directly in the Earth without use of underground conduit; also called "direct burial cable."
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