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UNITS OF MEASURE

Avoirdupois Weight

The avoirdupois system is a measurement system of weights which uses pounds and ounces as units.

Avoirdupois Weight
27-11/32 grains1 dram
16 drams1 ounce
16 ounces1 pound
25 pounds1 quarter
4 quarters1 cwt.
2,000 pounds1 short ton
2,240 pounds1 long ton


UNITS OF MEASURE

Cubic Measure

1 cubic centimeter0.061 cubic inch
1 cubic inch16.39 cubic cent
1 cubic decimeter0.0353 cubic foot
1 cubic foot28.317 cubic dec.
1 cubic meter1.308 cubic yards
1 cubic yard0.7646 cubic meter
1 stere0.2759 cord
1 cord3.624 steres
1 liter0.906 qt. Dry = 1.0567 qts. Liquid
1 quart dry1.101 liters
1 quart liquid0.9463 liter
1 dekaliter2.6417 gallons = 1.135 pecks
1 gallon0.375 dekaliter
1 peck0.881 dekaliter
1 hekoliter2.8375 bushels


1 bushel0.3524 hekaliter


CHARTS

Metric / AWG Sizes, Nearest Equivalent

All sizes available from Paige Electric


AWGCircular Millsmm2

AWGCircular Millsmm2
244040.2

1/098,550
209870.50


105,6

1,02


2/0133,1

1,480.75


13870
181,480.75

3/013870

1,62



167,8

1,971.1


18795
161,971.1

4/018795

2,58



211,6

2,961.5


237120
142,961.5

250237120

4,11



250

4,932.5


296150
1214,932.5

300296150

6,53



300

7,894

350350
107,894


365185

10,38


400365185

11,86


400
911,86


474240

13,09


500474240
816,51



500

19,710


592300
719,710

600592300

20,82



600
626,24


750750

31,616


789400
531,616

1000987500

33,09



1,000,000
441,74



1,240,000630

49,325


1,250,000
349,325

15001,500,000

52,62



1,580,000800
266,36


17501,580,000800

69,135


1,750,000
169,135


1,970,0001000

83,7


20001,970,0001000

98,550


2,000,000
CHARTS

Copper

SOLID COPPER WIRE

CROSS SECTIONAL AREAANNEALED UNCOATED
WIRE SIZE AWGAPPROXIMATE DIAMETER IN INCHESCIRCULAR MILSSQUARE INCHESAPPROX. LBS./M FTMAXIMUM BREAKING STRENGTH LBS.NOM. d-c RESIST ANCE @ 20C OHMS/M FT.
340.006339.70.00003120.120-261.
320.008064.
0.0000503
0.194-162.
300.0100100.
0.0000785
0.303-104.
290.0113128.0.0001000.387-81.2
280.0126159.0.0001250.481-65.3
270.0142202.0.0001580.610-51.4
260.0159253.0.0001990.765-41.0
250.0179320.0.0002520.970-32.4
240.0201404.0.0003171.22-25.7
230.0226511.0.0004011.5515.420.3
220.0253640.0.0005031.9419.416.2
210.0285812.0.0006382.4624.612.8
200.03201,020.0.0008043.1031.010.1
180.04031,620.0.001284.9249.16.39
160.05082,580.0.002037.8173.004.02
140.06414,110.0.0032312.4124.02.52
120.08086,530.0.0051319.8197.01.59
100.101910,380.0.00815531.43314.0.9988
90.114413,090.0.0102839.62380.3.7925
80.128516,510.0.0129749.98479.8.6281
70.144320,820.0.0163563.03605.1.4981
60.162026,240.0.0206179.44762.6.3952
50.181933,090.0.02599100.2961.5.3134
40.204341,740.0.03278126.31213.0.2485
30.229452,620.0.04133159.31529.0.1971
20.257566,360.0.05212200.91928.0.1563


By using the table listed below, you can ascertain the size of any stranded conductor by determining the size of the individual strand and the number of these strands in the conductor

Various Stranding Combinations
Size Cir Mils or AWGApprox. Overall Diameter (inches)Number of individual strand wires / Diameter of individual strand wire (in inches)
71619263741616591104127165169217
160,0580,01920,01260,01170,0100-0,0080-0,0063-0,0050----
140,0730,0242-0,01470,01260,01050,0100-0,0080-0,0063----
120,0920,0305-0,0185-0,01330,0126-0,0100-0,0080----
100,1150,0385-0,02340,02010,0167--0,0126-0,0100-0,0080--
80,1460,0486-0,0295-0,02110,0201--------
60,1840,0612-0,0372-0,0266---------
50,2060,0688-0,0417-0,0299---------
40,2320,0772-0,0469-0,0336---------
30,2600,0867-0,0526-0,0377---------
20,2920,0974-0,0591-0,0424---------
10,3280,1093-0,0664-0,0476-0,0370-------
00,3680,1228-0,0745-0,0534-0,0416-------
000,4140,1379-0,0837-0,0600-0,0467-------
0000,4640,1548-0,0940-0,0673-0,0525-------
00000,5220,1739-0,1055-0,0756-0,0589-------
250'0000,574--0,1147-0,0822-0,0640-0,0524-----
300'0000,629--0,1257-0,0900-0,0701-0,0574-----
350'0000,679--0,1357-0,0973-0,0757-0,0620-----
400'0000,726--0,1451-0,1041-0,0810-0,0663-----
450'0000,772--0,1539-0,1103-0,0859-0,0703-----
500'0000,813--0,1622-0,1162-0,0905-0,0741-----
600'0000,891----0,1275-0,0992-0,0812-0,0687---
700'0000,964----0,1375-0,1071-0,0877-0,0742---
750'0000,998----0,1424-0,1109-0,0908-0,0768---
800'0001,031----0,1470-0,1145-0,0938-0,0794---
900'0001,094----0,1560-0,1215-0,0994-0,0842---
1'000'0001,152----0,1644-0,1280-0,1048-0,0887---
1'250'0001,288------0,1431-0,1172-0,0992-0,0860-
1'500'0001,411------0,1568-0,1284-0,1087-0,0942-
1'750'0001,526--------0,1387-0,1174-0,10180,0898
2'000'0001,630--------0,1482-0,1255-0,10880,0960


UNITS OF MEASURE

Force

1 pound force1 slug x 1 foot sec/sec
1 dyne1 gram x 1 centimeter sec/sec
1 newton1 kilogram x 1 meter sec/sec
1 pound force4.452 newtons
1 newton100.000 dynes = 0.224 pounds force
1 gram force980.6 dynes
UNITS OF MEASURE

Geometric Figures

Area of a circleD2 x 0.7854 = π r2 (r = radius)
Circumference of a circleπ D or 2π r
Area of a sphereπ D2 - 4π r2 (D + diameter)
Area of a triangle1/2 altitude x base
Volume of a conearea of base x 1/3 alititude
Area of a trapezoid1/2 (sum of parallel sides) x altitude
UNITS OF MEASURE

Imperial Liquid Measure

1 U.S. gallon.883 Imperial gallon
1 U.S. gallon3.785 liters
1 Imperial gallon1.201 U.S. gallons
1 Imperial gallon4.546 liters
1 liter0.264 U.S. gallons
1 liter0.220 Imperial gallon
UNITS OF MEASURE

International Electrical Units

1 international ohm1.000495 absolute ohms
1 international volt1.00033 absolute volts
1 international ampere0.999835 absolute ampere
1 international coulomb0.999835 absolute coulomb
1 international henry1.000495 absolute henries
1 international farad0.999505 absolute farad
1 international watt1.000165 absolute watts
1 international joule1.000165 absolute joules
UNITS OF MEASURE

Length

1 centimeter0.3937 inches = 0.0328 feet
1 meter39.37 inches = 3.28 feet
1 kilometer0.62137 miles = 3280 feet
1 inch2.54 centimeters
1 foot0.3048 meters
1 mil0.001 inch
1 mile5280 feet = 1760 yards = 1.609 kilometers
1 yard0.9144 meter
1 dekameter1.9884 rods
1 rod0.5029 dekameters
UNITS OF MEASURE

Liquid Weight

4 gils1 pint
2 pints1 quart
4 quarts1 gallon
31-1/2 gallons1 barrel
UNITS OF MEASURE

Dry Measure

2 pints1 quart
8 quarts1 peck
4 pecks1 bushel
UNITS OF MEASURE

Long Measure

12 inches1 foot
3 feet1 yard
5 1/2 yards1 rod
40 rods1 furlong
8 furlongs1 statue mile
3 miles1 league
UNITS OF MEASURE

Mariner's Measure

6 feet1 fathom
120 fathoms1 cable length
7-1/3 cable lengths1 mile
5,280 feet1 statue mile
6,080.2 feet1 nautical mile
UNITS OF MEASURE

Mass

1 slug32.2 pounds mass = 14.606 kilograms
1 pound mass453.6 grams
UNITS OF MEASURE

Metric System Prefixes

Mega1,000,000
Kilo1,000
Hecto100
Deka10
Deci0.10
Centi0.01
Milli0.001
Micro0.000001
UNITS OF MEASURE

Miscellaneous Constants

Loge X2.30259 log10 X
Electronic charge4.8 x 10-10 e.s.u. = 1.60 x 10-20 e.m.u.
Mass units1.07 x 10-3 x Mev = 6.71 x 10-2 ergs
Speed of light3 x 108 meters/sec
Speed of sound (in air at sea level)1100 ft/sec
π3.14159
e2.71828
UNITS OF MEASURE

Power

1 Watt1 joule/sec
1 horsepower550 ft. lb/sec = 716 watts
1 Watt3.412 BTU/hr = 0.239 gram calorie/sec
P(watts)R (ohms) x I (amperes)2
P(watts)E (volts)2 / R (ohms)
UNITS OF MEASURE

Pressure

1 atmosphere14.69 ponuds/sq inch = 29.92 in. of Hg
1 atmosphere76 cm of Hg = 33.9 ft of water
1 in. Hg0.491 pounds/sq. in
Water Pressure pounds/sq. inhead in ft x 0.434
UNITS OF MEASURE

Square Measure

1 sq. mile2.59 kilometers
1 circular mil0.7854 sq. mils
1 sq. inch1,000,000 sq. mils
1 sq. decimeter0.1076 sq. foot
1 acre60 sq. rod
1 sq. cm0.155 sq. inches
1 sq. meter1.196 sq. yards = 10.784 sq. ft
1 sq. kilometer0.386 sq. miles
1 sq. inch6.452 sq. centimeters
1 sq. foot929.03 sq. cm = 0.092903 sq. meters
1 sq. yard0.8361 sq. meters
UNITS OF MEASURE

Temperature Conversion

°C = 5/9 (°F - 32)
°F = 9/5 (°C + 32)
UNITS OF MEASURE

Time

1 day86,400 seconds
1 year8760 hours (approx.)
UNITS OF MEASURE

Angles

1 circle360 degrees
1 radian57.3 degrees
1 degree8760 0.01745 radians
UNITS OF MEASURE

Troy Weight

24 grains1 pwt.
20 pwt1 ounce
12 ounces1 pound

(Used for weighing gold, silver, and jewels)

UNITS OF MEASURE

Weights

1 gram0.03527 ounce
1 ounce28.35 grams
1 kilogram2.2046 pounds
1 pound0.4536 kilogram
1 metric ton0.98421 English ton
1 English ton1.016 metric ton
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Gauge Location Chart

Sign LocationPaige P/NPaige P/NPaige P/NPaige P/NPaige P/NPaige P/N
98P183L&M98P143L&M98P1814L&M984182C&M984122C&M984184/984184M
18 AWG14 AWG18 AWG18 AWG12 AWG18 AWG
Rip Strip PlenumRip Strip PlenumRip Strip Plenum w/GroundPaige PlusPaige PlusPaige RGB
Indoors (all wire indoors)YesYesYesYesYesYes
Damp (wire is indoors and in letters outdoors)YesYesYesYesYesYes
Damp Riser (wire is in riser and in letters outdoors)YesYesYesNoNoNo
Plenum (all wires are indoors)YesYesYesNoNoNo
Plenum Damp (wire is indoors and in letters outdoors)YesYesYesNoNoNo
Wet (wire is exposed directly to the elements)NoNoNoYesYesYes

PLENUM SPACES ARE THE OPEN SPACES ABOVE THE CEILING OR BELOW THE FLOOR THAT ARE USED FOR AIR CIRCULATION. ANY CABLE THAT YOU RUN THROUGH PLENUM SPACES MUST BE PLENUM RATED.

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TABLES

Maximum Use Length of Different Gauge Conductors

Driven by 12VDC x 5 Amp or 24VDC x 4 Amp Power Sources 5% & 10% Line Loss (LL)

Paige P/NDescriptionVoltageGaugeLL;LengthLLLength
98P183L&MRip Strip Plenum12VDC185%120 ft.10%19 ft.


24VDC

24 ft.
46 ft.
98P1814L&MRip Strip Plenum w/Ground12VDC185%10 ft.10%19 ft.


24VDC

24 ft.
46 ft.
984184&MRGB12VDC185%10 ft.10%19 ft.


24VDC

24 ft.
46 ft.
984182C&MPLTC / CM12VDC185%10 ft.10%19 ft.


24VDC

24 ft.
46 ft.
98P143L&MRip Strip Plenum12VDC145%25 ft.10%47 ft.


24VDC

58 ft.
117 ft.
984122C&MPLTC / CM12VDC125%40 ft.10%75 ft.


24VDC

150 ft.
295 ft.

THE ABOVE ARE APPROXIMATE VALUES. EACH "LED" MANUFACTURER HAS THEIR OWN ACCEPTABLE LINE LOSS (LL) VALUES. USER SHOULD CHECK WITH THE "LED" MANUFACTURER TO VERIFY THEIR ACCEPTABLE LIMITATION.

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