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Term Description
Arc A luminous glow formed by the flow of electric current through ionized air, gas or vapor between separated electrodes or contacts; a portion of the circumference of a circle
Arc Over Voltage The minimum voltage required to create an arc between electrodes separated by a gas or liquid insulation under specified conditions
Arc Resistance The degree to which a material opposes the formation of a conductive path
Area of Conductor The size of a conductor cross section measured in circular mils, square inches, etc.
Armor A braid or wrapping of metal, usually steel, used for mechanical protection (generally placed over the outer sheath)
Armored Cable A cable having a metallic covering for protection against mechanical injury
ASA The American Standards Association (former name of ANSI)
ASME The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASP A filled direct burial telephone cable used in areas subject to rodent attacks. It consists of a filled cable core, corrugated aluminum shield, corrugated steel tape, flooding compound and polyethylene jacket.
ASTM The American Society for Testing and Materials
Attenuation Power loss in an electrical system. In cables, generally expressed in dB per unit length (usually 100 ft.)
Audio Frequency The range of frequencies audible to the human ear (usually 20-20,000 Hz.)
AWG Abbreviation for American Wire Gauge
AWM Designation for appliance wiring material
B. & S. Abbreviation for "Brown & Sharpe Wire Gauge" - same as American Wire Gauge
Balanced Circuit A circuit so arranged that the impressed voltages on each conductor of the pair are equal in magnitude but opposite in polarity with respect to ground
Band Marking A continuous circumferential band supplied to a conductor at regular intervals for identification
Band Width The frequency range of transmitted electrical signals (expressed in Hertz)
Bare Conductor A conductor having no covering, coating or cladding
Bare Copper (BC) A highly conductive, abundant and easily shaped or formed conductor material; usually used in the Building Wire, Industrial and Sound & Security industries
BCF Abbreviation for Billion Conductor Feet; a quantity derived by multiplying the number of conductors in a cable by the amount of cable (usually used to indicate plant capacity or an annual requirement)
Binder A spirally served tape or thread used for holding assembled cable components in place awaiting subsequent manufacturing operations.
Bond The attachment at an interface between an adhesive and an adherent, or between materials attached together by adhesive
Bond Strength Amount of adhesion between surfaces, e.g., in bonded ribbon cable
Boot A protective covering over any portion of a cable or conductor in addition to its jacket or insulation
Braid A fibrous or metallic group of filaments interwoven in cylindrical form to create a covering over one or more wires
Braid Angle The smaller of the two angles formed by the shielding strand and the axis of the cable being shielded
Braid Carrier A spool or bobbin on a braider which holds one group of strands or filaments consisting of a specific number of ends. The carrier revolves during braiding operations.
Braid Ends The number of strands used to make up one carrier. The strands are wound side by side on the carrier bobbin and lie parallel in the finished braid.
Braid Shields A woven pattern made up of small braid gauges, mostly bare copper, tinned copper, silver-plated copper, aluminum or steel. Typically have a nominal coverage of 55% to 95%.

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